Doctors endorse drugs or medicines in a wide assortment of dosage structures: in addition to tablets, film-covered tablets, and dragees, capsules and accessories are among the solid drug forms. They are essentially utilized for oral ingestion.

A capsule comprises a shell that is loaded up with the dynamic fixing in powder, grind, or fluid structure. Producers ordinarily use gelatine, cellulose, or carrageenan as casing.

Types of capsules

There are various sorts of capsules. They are separated by their place of action and as indicated by the shell. Gastric juice-resistant capsules just deliver the active ingredient in the intestine. On account of chew capsules, then again, the substance is released in the mouth. Regardless of the use, capsules can likewise be divided into various sorts as indicated by the shell material: before, starch capsules were fundamentally utilized. Today hard and soft capsules are basically utilized.

Starch capsules

Before, the capsule shells were made of starch and the consistency of the case was like that of a wafer. These starch containers were just appropriate for taking active ingredients in powder structure. Nonetheless, starch casings are sensitive to moisture and furthermore crumble rapidly. Thusly, starch is seldom utilized as a substance for the capsule shell.

Hard gelatin capsules

Today the casings are for the most part made of hard gelatine. Such a capsule shell comprises 2 empty parts in a round and hollow shape with an adjusted base, which fit into each other. The producers utilize different patented cycles to keep the capsule from opening unexpectedly. Contingent upon the sensitivity of the active ingredient, the capsule parts are welded, glued, or gave a band as a closure.

Soft gelatin capsules

Compared with hard gelatine capsules, soft gelatine capsules have a thicker and simultaneously more versatile, soft shell. Nonetheless, drug producers also use plasticizers, for example, sorbitol or glycerol for this reason. Soft gelatine capsules are used for fluid and semi-solid active ingredient preparations. Now and then the active ingredient is even fused into the capsule shell. In these cases, one discusses sucking capsules.


Microcapsules are solid particles or drops of fluid covered with gelatin, gum arabic, or different polymers like starch and cellulose. They are micrometers to a couple of millimeters in size. For instance, fluids can be changed over into dry powders, unstable substances can be fixed and contradictory restorative items can be handled with each other. Enteric-covered capsules, just as capsules with deferred arrival of active ingredients, can be produced.

Advantages and disadvantages of capsules

  • Advantages of capsules as a medication structure:

– quick and simple to utilize

– Covering disagreeable smell and taste

– great storability and long time span of usability

– definite dose of the medication through the characterized measure of active ingredient contained

– The plan of the cover gives the medicine a high recognition value

  • Disadvantages of capsules as a medication structure:

– for the most part bigger than tablets, so taking them is especially risky for kids or patients with swallowing difficulties

– individual change of the portion is preposterous or only imprecisely

– Active ingredients should be accessible orally

– Effect is delayed