Birth control pills are among the most reliable and popular contraceptives (contraceptives) and are effective hamiləlikdən qorunma yolları- Hormonal kontraseptivlər ətraflı məlumat (ways to prevent pregnancy – Hormonal contraceptives detailed information). They can prevent pregnancy in different ways.
The prescription drug, also called ovulation inhibitors, has a so-called Pearl Index of about 0.1 to 0.9: Out of 1,000 women who take the pill as directed, only between one and nine women become pregnant – without contraception, the number is 850.
Different preparations, different modes of action
Combination preparations contain the female sex hormones Estrogen (follicle hormone) and progestin (corpus luteum hormone). The hormonal preparations are intended to prevent the brain from forming messenger substances that trigger ovulation. In addition, progestin thickens the mucus in the cervix so that the male sperm cells (sperm) can no longer ascend into the uterine cavity. It also causes the uterine lining to build up significantly less. Therefore, a fertilized egg can hardly implant in the uterus.
Experts speak of micro pills when the estrogen content is less than 0.05 milligrams (mg), i.e. 50 micrograms (μg), per tablet. Depending on the combination of active ingredients, they distinguish between Single and multiphase pills.
Side effects and contraindications
Possible side effects include nausea and dizziness, headaches, and mood swings.
Serious side effects of birth control pills are rare. However, the combination preparations may increase the risk of thrombosis, heart attack, stroke, and cervical cancer. Talk to your gynecologist before use if one or more criteria apply to you:
- You smoke and are older than 35.
- You have Hypertension.
- You are severely overweight (BMI > 35).
- You suffer from Diabetes mellitus Type 1 or advanced type 2.
- You have a blood clotting disorder.
Further side effects and risk factors can be found in the package leaflet of your preparation.
Intake according to prescription
It is best to always take the pill at the same time of day. Vomiting or diarrhea within four hours of ingestion may cause the effectiveness of the preparation, as well as various drugs – for example, antibiotics.
What you can do if you forgot to take the pill differs depending on the preparation and week of intake.
Answers to frequently asked questions “FAQ”
As positive side effects, the pill:
- relieve cramping menstrual cramps,
- reduce excessive menstrual bleeding and
- protect against benign cysts of the ovaries, as well as against ovarian and uterine cancer.
What the pill can’t do:
- It does not protect against the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases and
- Your fertility is not affected in the long term after weaning.
Alcohol does not affect the effect of the birth control pill. However, if you have to vomit after drinking alcohol or have diarrhea, this reduces the contraceptive effect.